Eravikulam national park is located along the Western Ghats in the Idukki district of Kerala in India. This is a Land of Neela kurinji. Neela kurinji flowers is blooms once in twelve years. National park 97 sq. km and the first national park in Kerala.
Eravikulam National Park is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. This park controlled by the Kerala Forest Department.
Eravikulam National Park which is also known as Raja malai National Park was a hunting preserve for the British planters and was owned by Raja malai and Eravikulam during the British rule and then was forked over to Kannan Deven Hills for tea plantation. Later the area declared as sanctuary with an objective of protecting the indigenous population of Nilgiri Tahr when founded in the year 1975 and then upgraded as the national park in 1978.
Flora and Fauna:
In park we can see the Shrubs, grass lands and forest are the three different species of plants. The grass land covers the hills and high altitude regions. Shrubs cover the low lying cliffs and the forest cover the valleys.
Important flora in park include Micro tropis rami flora, Pitto sporum tetra spermium etc..,
Twenty six species of mammals have been recorded in the eravikulam national park include the largest surviving population of Nilgiri tahr, estimated at about 750 individuals. The other ungulates lion tailed macaques, gaur, Indian muntjac and sambar deer. Golden jackal, jungle cat, wild dog, dhole, leopard and tiger are the main predators. Some little known animals such as Nilgiri langur, stripe necked mongoose, Indian porcupine, Nilgiri marten, small clawed otter, ruddy mongoose, and dusky palm squirrel also found. Elephants make seasonal visits, 132 species of birds recorded which include endemics like black and orange fly catcher, Nilgiri pipit, Nilgiri wood pigeon, white bellied short wing, Nilgiri fly catcher and Kerala laughing thrush.
Best Season to visit Eravikulam National Park in Munnar:
Sep – May and Eravikulam National Park close for visitors from 29th January 2018 to 31st March 2018 due to the calving season of Nilgiri Tahr.
Interesting Places near Eravikulam National Park:
- Anamudi Peak: One of important and highest peak in South India and also with the topographic isolation within India. This is also the Everest of South India. Anamudi and Eravikulam National Park is the home to the largest population of the Nilgiri tahr.
- Atukkad Water falls: Atukkad falls the wonderful water falls and the beautiful tourist spot among the sight seeing spots of Eravikulam National park and hence this water falls visit by tourists all over the countries.
- Mattupetty Dam
Tourist Places near Park:
8:00 AM – 4:30 PM – Everyday.
Entry Fee for Park:
65 rupees Indian Citizens and 245 rupees ( 4 USD) for Foreign Nationals.
To Reach Park:
Road: Eravikulam is nearly 15 Km north of Munnar and can be reached from Kochi (135 Km) and Kottayam (148 Km) by Road.
Train : The nearest Rail way station in Kerala is Aluva (120 Km from Munnar) and Coimbatore (165 Km) in Tamil Nadu.
Flight : The Park also accessible from Cochin (Kerala) and Coimbatore (Tamil Nadu) Air ports, which are located at about 148 Km and 175 Km respectively.